Safety - General Provisions as stipulated on OSHA, 2007

A fixed vessel, pit or structure with an edge less than a meter above the joining ground or platform should be securely covered or fenced to prevent any person from falling into it. The recommendations to cover or fence are especially if the structure or vessel contains corrosive, poisonous or scalding liquid. A warning notice for the above should be made available in a conspicuous and easy to understand manner.

Goods or substances in a workplace should be stored safely. They should be stacked in such a way that allows their stability or prevents falling, and on flows that are firm. They should also be stored in a way that allows ample distribution of light and does not block ventilation systems.

Ladders issued into a workplace should be made of good material, securely fixed in positions that will prevent falling and should be occasionally maintained. Any equipment, machinery, tools or protective gear should be thoroughly checked to ensure that they comply to the stated safety standards. They should be in such a way that allows easy use, and prevents mental strain when being used by the employees.

Floors, passages, stairs steps or gangways should also meet standards such as fencing openings on floors, provision of safe access to each place, allocated warning signs that will prevent the possible occurrence of injuries and have a handrail for staircases.  In case an employee is in a workplace doing an activity such as eating or doing any other activity in an enclosed rom, they should not be locked in in such ways that will not allow their safe and fast exit from the place. In cases of flammable stock, precautions such as prohibition of smoking near them or conveying them through enclosed systems such as pipelines should be recommended. In cases of leakages, these liquids should have a system that immediately dries or drains them away. Any form of ignition should also be kept away from such high risk locations.

In workplaces prone to dust or explosions, safety precautions to take during explosion and ventilations that prevent the accumulation of the dust should be put in place. If a plant contains unpreventable  explosive agents then the plant or workplace should be built in such a way that makes it capable of handling an explosion. Each workplace is to be provided with a fire extinguisher, with persons trained for that and should be maintained and free from any obstructions. Means of escape are also to be established, as will passage ways that are free from obstacles that prevent escape. Doors that provide a means of exit at a workplace should open outwards, except in cases where there are sliding doors. Any door or window set aside for the purpose of exit should be clearly indicated in red letters. Each occupier should also ensure that his or her employees are amply trained on ways to escape during a fire. Lastly, in such emergency cases, an occupier should also ensure that evacuation processes have been tested regularly and guaranteed for safety.


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