Employers are required to meet a certain set of standards to ensure that their employees are protected. These standards should meet the legal requirements that are stipulated in the OSHA Act. One of the ways to ensure risk management and to protect employees is to prepare employees for the possible risks at work. These may be risks such as terrorist attacks, natural disasters, accidents, disease outbreaks, workplace violence and data security.
Risk management involves responsibilities that factor in financial, human and physical aspects to protect the interests of both the individuals and the organization. An efficient HR risk management program can be dealt with using direct savings from worker compensation costs, litigation expenses and civil liability damages. The most important factor to consider in risk management is the health, safety and security of the employees. Health refers to the general well-being of the employee. Safety refers to the protection of the physical well-being of the employees. Security on the other hand involves protecting the employees and organizational equipment. With the increase of issues such as workplace violence, security should be a vital factor of consideration by employers.
Other than employers providing ways to keep employees safe, or covered in case a risk occurs, there are other ways worker safety is ensured. There are various Acts, particularly those concerning medical leaves and persons with disability to help ensure well-being at the workplace. The Occupational Safety and Health Act is the umbrella under which various ways employers are required to protect their employees. This Act requires that employers keep records on occupational injuries and illnesses and inspects the workplace. Other ways to keep employees safe include setting up safety policies, keeping records of the same, conducting safety training, disciplining violators and maintaining an organizational culture that promotes worker safety and health.