Exercise and Physical Fitness

Regular exercise, or better still, daily exercise, is one of the most vital routines to enable healthy living. Exercise has both short term and long term benefits. Again, how much exercise is put in greatly varies with the individuals involved. These maybe people of different conditions or age groups such as children, pregnant women, or individuals in their advanced age.

The benefits associated with exercise cannot be undermined. These are not new either since the emphasis for individuals to exercise more has been placed since time immemorial. In the short term, exercise helps regulate appetite, enhance sleep and even boost one’s mood. In the long-term, exercise helps reduce the occurrence of some of the lifestyle diseases such as dementia, depression, stroke, several types of cancer as well as heart diseases.

The duration required to exercise, as seen above, vary depending on the individuals concerned. For adults of all ages, 150 minutes should be allocated to exercise each week. The types of exercise can either be moderate, like walking, or vigorous, like running. These 150 minutes can be broken into routines of up to ten minutes and distributed through the week. Strength training exercises can also apply, and need to be done up to two days in a week. For pregnant women, strength training should be avoided. It is best to consult a doctor also, about the types of exercises that are best fit in such a situation. Children require routines of up to sixty minutes each week.

 Note: Too much of anything is poisonous. While exercise is effective at averting most health-related issues, too much of it is harmful. If an individual engages in too much exercise, say for instance, running more than 30 miles a week, they are likely to die over the same lifespan as those who do not engage in any exercise at all. This effect is called the J-shaped curve which indicates that at both extremities, (too much or too little exercise), and individual is likely to be exposed to pretty much similar health issues.


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